Contemporary celebrations of Christmas, Easter, and Halloween offer examples of syncretism in practice. ." . In Syncretism and the Commerce of Symbols, Goren Aijmer dramatically shifted the focus of research by asking, “Under what specific conditions do people in any one group pay attention to the cultural symbols of another group?” Aijmer concluded that syncretism is most intense whenever the inequality between cultures has been the most pronounced. Syncretism is a mixture of cultural and religious beliefs that promotes a successful development of the society. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism-0. In various senses syncretism and fundamentalism are opposites. PLAY. Neo-paganism encompasses several religious traditions. American food is a great example of cultural syncretism. Contemporary celebrations of Christmas, Easter, and Halloween offer examples of syncretism in practice. Agency and religious agency in cognitive perspective. Social scientists generally v…, Neo-Paganism "syncretism GORDON MARSHALL "syncretism ." Failure to create it would influence greatly on the lives of people and their interaction. Instances of religious syncretism—as, for example, Gnosticism (a religious dualistic system that incorporated elements from the Oriental mystery religions), Judaism, Christianity, and Greek religious philosophical concepts—were particularly prevalent during the Hellenistic period ( c. 300 bce – c. 300 ce ). A World History of Religious Synchretism (1450-1750) Korean Minjok Leadership Academy ... New Dictionary of the History of Ideas "Syncretism is the process whereby two or more independent cultural systems conjoin to form a new distinct system, especially in the history of religion." As tens of millions of Europeans migrated, and millions of West African slaves were brought, their music styles came with them. ." Miller, D. (2003). Disagreements center on the word itself and on the history of its applications. Religious syncretism, the fusion of diverse religious beliefs and practices. . These religions analogized various Yoruba and other African gods and selected Roman Catholic saints. Encyclopedia.com. ), Selected readings in the anthropology of religion: Theoretical and methodological essays (pp. Rather than offering a psychological explanation, Bastide focused on groups of people who were differentiated by sex, social class, and age. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. 16 Oct. 2020 . The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, GORDON MARSHALL "syncretism ." The term arose in historical linguistics, referring to the convergence of morphological forms within inflectional paradigms.In such cases, a former distinction has been 'syncretized'. Syncretism is not a new phenomenon. Reinventing religions: Syncretism and transformation in Africa and the Americas. An example of this is the “Third Way”, a political movement in which the development of business is … The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. Viewed positively, syncretism seeks underlying unity in what appears to be multiplicity and diversity. A. Droogers, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. (October 16, 2020). Race, gender, age, and social class are also factors. (October 16, 2020). ." The ancient Romans adopted pagan Yule traditions that eventually made it into Christmas celebrations (Christmas trees, Yule logs, and the like), and Roman Catholics in Central and South America integrated elements from indigenous Latin American and North American religious traditions. Shaw and Stewart underscore the need to examine problems of agency, especially when agency is ascribed to religious traditions without reference to religious specialists. However, the date of retrieval is often important. 23 There are also examples of post-Vatican II syncretism from above: The Jesuit priest and anthropologist Paul Steinmetz not only introduced the Sioux sacred pipe into the mass, but also obtained a papal blessing for the Native American Church in 1975. Pluralism, Multiculturalism, Syncretism, and America. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. ." T. F. HOAD "syncretism In linguistics, syncretism exists when functionally distinct occurrences of a single lexeme, morph or phone are identical in form. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. Peyote is a small, spineless cactus (Lophophora diffusa or Lophophora williamsii) native to high desert regions from north-central Mexico to s…, Christianity, derived from Judaism to become the dominant religion of western Europe and the driving force behind its civilization, has underpinned m…, synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation, Syndical Federation of Bolivian Mineworkers (FSTMB), syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/legal-and-political-magazines/syncretism, African-Latin American Religions: Overview, Religion in Mexico, Catholic Church and Beyond, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism-0, Mesoamerican Religions: Colonial Cultures, Religion, Western Perceptions of Traditional Religions, Religion, Western Perceptions of World Religions, Native Americans: Response to Christianization, Christianity and Colonial Expansion in the Americas, South American Indian Religions: History of Study. . Across Asian history, a prominent example of cultural syncretism comes from the spread of Buddhism. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, JOHN BOWKER "Syncretism 2.2 Syncretism and Fundamentalism. GORDON MARSHALL "syncretism https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncretism, "syncretism Disagreements center on the word itself and on the history of its applications. The first Africans who arrived on North American shores brought their own religious worldviews with them…, The term extirpation is most commonly associated with the Catholic Church's project to eradicate traditional religious practices in the Americas afte…, Religiosity . Encyclopedia.com. At the same time, the rejection of syncretism or “anti-syncretism” in the name of purity or orthodoxy helped to legitimize a desire for cultural unity. ." Genevieve Slomski Religiosity is a term used by social scientists to refer to religious behavior. A Dictionary of Sociology. Anthropologist J. Y. D. Peel cogently argued that syncretism was not central to AICs because these churches represented reinterpretations of Christianity but never encouraged a mixture of Christianity and tribal elements. (October 16, 2020). In S. D. Glazier & C. A. Flowerday (Eds. ." For example, some Conversos developed a sort of cult for martyr-victims of the Spanish Inquisition, thus incorporating elements of Catholicism while resisting it. There are always unexpected consequences. Triangular sail that was developed in Indian Ocean trade that allowed a ship to sail against the wind. It represents a blending of schools of thought and is often associated with establishing analogies between two or more discrete or formerly separate traditions. Cultural syncretism. Lack of syncretism would bring much tension to society. Yet Stewart and Shaw report a growing uneasiness with the term among anthropologists who have been influenced by postmodernism. BIBLIOGRAPHY tic / ˌsingkrəˈtistik/ adj. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. This article briefly surveys examples of syncretism drawn from several traditions, including the aforementioned world religions and Japanese Shinto, as well as three syncretistic belief systems that emerged as a result of Western colonial expansion, slavery, and/or proselytizing: Santeria, Voodoo (or Vodou), and the Ghost Dance, which twice swept across large areas of Native North America in the … Not have page numbers West African slaves were brought, their music styles came with them Cuban.... Of indigenous and foreign beliefs and practices syncretism focus on the blending of religion: Theoretical methodological... To demonstrate that syncretism is a mixture of Persian, Anatolian, Egyptian, and later elements... 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